gain self-knowledge Johari Window

American psychologists Joseph Luft and Harry Ingham came up with the concept of the Johari Window to help people gain self-knowledge, gauge how people see themselves versus how they are perceived by others and to help define group dynamics. (The term "Johari" was derived by using portions of each man’s first name: Joseph and Harry I.) 

This personality matrix was originally developed as an assessment tool to measure mental stability. The exercise begins when a person receives a list of 56 adjectives including brave, caring, self-conscious and shy. He is then instructed to choose five or six of the descriptors that he feels applies to him. Once that’s done, the same list is given to some of his friends, family members or peers who are told to choose the five or six words they feel best describes the participant. The lists are then plotted into a Johari Window grid that consists of four quadrants. 1. Arena: The words that the participant and the peers all choose are placed here because everyone is aware of them. 2. Facade: When only the participant chooses certain words, but none of the peers do. Those adjectives go in “facade” because they are known only to him, not to others. 3. Blind Spot: Conversely, when the peers choose adjectives that the participant does not, they are plotted into the “blind spot” area of the grid. 4. Unknown: When neither the participant or the peers select descriptors, those words fall into the “unknown” area, either because they describe the subject but neither side knows about them or because they do not apply to that person at all. Today, corporations have been known to use the Johari Window exercise as a way of measuring group dynamics and of working to promote mutual understanding between individual members within a group. It also remains in use to help assess, illustrate and improve a person’s self-knowledge.  

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